Although Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world, its history is still relatively unknown. Adrian Vickers takes the reader on a journey across the social and political landscape of modern Indonesia, starting with the country's origins under the Dutch in the early twentieth-century, and the subsequent anti-colonial revolution which led to independence in 1949. Thereafter the spotlight is on the 1950s, a crucial period in the formation of Indonesia as a new nation, followed by the Sukarno years, and the anti-Communist massacres of the 1960s when General Suharto took over as president. The concluding chapters chart the fall of Suharto's New Order after thirty two years in power, and the subsequent political and religious turmoil which culminated in the Bali bombings in 2002. Adrian Vickers is Professor of Asian Studies at the University of Wollongong. He has previously worked at the Universities of New South Wales and Sydney, and has been a visiting fellow at the University of Indonesia and Udayana University (Bali). Vickers has more than twenty-five years research experience in Indonesia and the Netherlands, and has travelled in Southeast Asia, the U.S. and Europe in the course of his research. He is author of the acclaimed Bali: a Paradise Created (Penguin, 1989) as well as many other scholarly and popular works on Indonesia. In 2003 Adrian Vickers curated the exhibition Crossing Boundaries, a major survey of modern Indonesian art, and has also been involved in documentary films, including Done Bali (Negara Film and Television Productions, 1993).
The resignation of President Soeharto in 1998 opened a new era in Indonesia. The time to reform the Indonesian political system, to protect human rights and press freedom, and to eliminate systematic and systemic corruption, had arrived. This book traces the process of major law reforms which took place in Indonesia during the Habibie era, from May 1998 to October 1999, arguably as a critical period in the history of Indonesia's moves toward becoming a democratic country. The book also provides a final chapter on 12 years of Indonesian transition and examines the new structure of Indonesian state after the Amendments to the 1945 Constitution in 2002-2004, and the issue of national security and the rule of law after 9/11 and Bali bombing in 2002. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgement Part I: Foundation Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Explaining Law Reform Chapter 3: Indonesia: From Crisis to Law Reform Part II: Case Studies Chapter 4: Political Laws Chapter 5: Human Rights and Press Freedom Chapter 6: Anti-Corruption Legislation Part III: Conclusion and Reflection Chapter 7: Conclusion Chapter 8: Reflections: 12 Years after Soeharto Bibliography About the Author(s)/Editor(s) Dr Nadirsyah Hosen is Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, University of Wollongong (NSW, Australia) where he teaches Foundations of Law, Constitutional Law, Islamic law and Contemporary Issues in Southeast Asian law. Nadir has a Bachelors degree (UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta), a Graduate Diploma in Islamic Studies, and Master of Arts with Honours (University of New England), as well as a Master of Laws in Comparative Law (Northern Territory University). He completed his first PhD (Law) at the University of Wollongong and a second PhD (Islamic Law) at the National University of Singapore. He then worked for two years as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at TC. Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland, where he conducted research and taught 'comparative anti-terrorism law and policy' for LLM program. He is the author of Shari'a and Constitutional Reform in Indonesia (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2007), a co-editor (with Joseph Liow) of Islam in Southeast Asia, 4 volumes, (Routledge, London, 2009), and a co-editor (with Richard Mohr) of Law and Religion in Public Life: The Contemporary Debate (Routledge, London, forthcoming).
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Around the world religion is an increasingly vital and pervasive force in both personal and public life. Though this trend has been widely noted, its long-term implications are as yet only dimly perceived. Will this be a force for healing or for violence? To express the question to its most dramatic, yet urgent form: can the world's major religious traditions respond constructively to contemporary challenges in the public sphere that are now, by definition, global? Religion and Ethics in a Globalizing World seeks to address this question, and to contribute to a greater understanding of the role of religion in the paradoxical context of a world that is increasingly unified, but which remains fundamentally plural.
This book deals with two major issues: how Indonesian NGOs survived under Suharto's authoritarian rule; and how NGOs contributed to the promotion of democracy in the post-Suharto era. If NGOs are to change from 'development' to 'movement' in democratic post-Suharto Indonesia, they must adjust not only their management and working style, but also their very ideology. This comprehensive study will be an important book for scholars interested in Asian studies, Indonesian politics and development studies.