Globalization of legal traffic and the inherent necessity of having to litigate in foreign courts or to enforce judgments in other countries considerably complicate civil proceedings due to great differences in civil procedure. This may consequently jeopardize access to justice. This triggers the debate on the need for harmonization of civil procedure. In recent years, this debate has gained in importance because of new legislative and practical developments both at the European and the global level. This book discusses the globalization and harmonization of civil procedure from the angles of legal history, law and economics and (European) policy. Attention is paid to the interaction with private law and private international law, and European and global projects that aim at the harmonization of civil procedure or providing guidelines for fair and efficient adjudication. It further includes contributions that focus on globalization and harmonization of civil procedure from the viewpoint of eight different jurisdictions. This book is an unique combination of theory and practice and valuable for academic researchers in the area of civil procedure, private international law, international law as well as policy makers (national and EU), lawyers, judges and bailiffs.
This book identifies some broad parameters that could guide a political project of peacemaking at the territorial borders of the nation-state.
Contemporary border controls have been analysed by critical criminologists in terms of criminalisation and state crime, and are often characterised as a form of war at the border. In a policy context in which current understandings of the law and politics of national sovereignty and the economic imperatives of neo-liberal globalization appear to reduce the space available for practical action, this volume adopts an innovative methodology to identify the conditions of possibility for a relaxation of border defences.
Each contributor discusses the prospects for a relaxation of border controls within a specified 'border domain' that aligns with their field of expertise. These domains have been identified by asking the question: What is the purpose of contemporary territorial borders? What interests and values are they mobilised to protect? The authors engage in a thought experiment, each addressing an identical set of questions within their assigned domain. The idea is to contain the prospect of unlimited speculation about the future by setting out a series of steps derived from scenario planning techniques, in which a 'preferred future' is identified (in this case, a future in which border crossing is available on an equitable and relatively open basis), and practical steps are then identified to reach the imagined goal. The imagined future could be a differently bordered, not a borderless world. There may still be inequalities in mobility and other entitlements in practice in this differently bordered world, and it could be a more physically settled world, not necessarily a world of incessant motion. These possibilities are worked through by the individual authors' giving close attention to the empirical realities and prospects for change within their assigned domain.
This book will be of much interest to students of border studies, migration, peacemaking, critical security studies and IR in general.
This is a simple easy to use guide to understand herbal formulas
Social phobia is a psychiatric disorder in which anxiety interferes with an individual's ability to function in various settings. This disorder may become an issue in areas of social events, work, school or even during everyday routines. With changes in the diagnostic criteria it is now a requirement of the clinician to determine if social phobia is an issue. Therefore, the clinician must evaluate whether the phobia is exacerbated by a general anxiety, medication side effects or strength, medical conditions which bring on social anxiety or a combination of any of these factors. Examples of medical conditions which bring on social phobia would be obesity or deformity.
Against a background of rapid technological change, the impact of global communication on national cultures and societies has become a dynamic area of critical enquiry. <B>International Communication and Globalization</B> offers a timely overview of the rapidly expanding area of media and communication studies. <P></P><P>Leading contributors offer a range of perspectives on the relationship between the process of globalization and international communication. Individual chapters examine the impact of market relations, deregulation and technology of Third World countries, as well as the ethics of the global communications industry.</P><P></P><P><B>International Communication and Globalization</B> makes an important intervention in</P>